AI gives a shape to interior design

Nowadays, artificial intelligence has become a need all over life. Although it causes controversial issues, it is always used for your daily life. The active usage of artificial intelligence in daily life can be seen as an important factor in the diversification of the usage areas. All kinds of products, such as systems and software developed in line with the demands of users, have started to have an increasing share in life. These developments are also valid in the field of interior architecture because it directly concerns the quality of life and lifestyles of people. The interaction between artificial intelligence and interiors continues to gain importance. 

Due to the nature of the design process, it includes keeping up-to-date with developments such as new products and new production techniques. This includes artificial intelligence applications that are developing rapidly in the world. These days, smart buildings that are built with the help of artificial intelligence increase the life quality of the users in many aspects. Examples of this situation are artificial intelligence systems in homes. These systems are aimed at increasing the quality of the home environment and the user’s pleasure with the introduction of data through artificial intelligence machine learning. With the help of entering the necessary information to the products, the demands of the user are met through the products and software. This situation is currently used in various systems such as security systems placed in houses, thermostats, lighting, use of natural lighting and ventilation systems. Systems that are programmed according to the needs and expectations of the user are solved in the interior design process and become an important part of the space. From this perspective, artificial intelligence and interior design influence each other in the design process. When the user prefers an artificial intelligence-supported design, the interior architect should make the textile choices used in the project in this direction. For example, the fact that the system used in curtains is suitable for smart systems and may affect the decisions made during the design process for fabrics used in sitting units. This situation is not only important for fixed design elements and fixed smart systems but also for acquired or portable products. 

In cases where the use of smart home systems with artificial intelligence is preferred, the design of the space must also allow these systems or the use and placement of these systems must be resolved by the designer. Thanks to a wall-hung thermostat, which has artificial intelligence, the quality of the spaces are constantly measured and the air quality is provided automatically. 

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Image1: Thermostate, Source:
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These systems ensure the air quality of the space and prevent extra energy consumption. The temperature level of the user can be adjusted via artificial intelligence according to the user when the user’s venues are entered in the smart system or when remote management is provided. This not only saves energy but also helps to maintain healthy air temperature, affecting users’ physical health. The use of these products can be seen as an element in shaping the design process. For example, it may be possible to increase the efficiency of smart systems with inputs such as the location of the thermostat in the space, the function of the space and the usage scheme. While it is important to solve fixed design elements and fixed smart systems in this process, portable smart products may need to be considered in the design process. It is important to design spaces that will allow portable smart systems usage. 

In terms of products that can be portable or acquired, the vacuum with artificial intelligence are entered in the plans of the houses by means of machine learning, and the specified areas are cleaned1. It is possible to say that it contributes to cleaning the houses with less labor and time savings when considered in this house. 

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Image: Smart Vacuum 
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From another point of view, it can be said that these products will provide great financial gain considering the use of public interior spaces. Cleaning the social service buildings such as a municipality, governor’s office, courthouse and congress/symposium buildings with a smart vacuum will help eliminate a huge burden financially as well as ease of use. On the other hand, it can be said that residences and public interiors need plans and detailed solutions suitable for the use of these products. For example, smart vacuums have a certain height limit to which they can pass. This situation leads to setbacks due to the different height of the connection areas used due to the material difference or steps between the spaces. Designed space that allows switching between spaces according to the planning scheme loaded on the product will contribute to users to use these products in indoor spaces without any problems. Accordingly, the use of portable products with artificial intelligence should be considered in the interior design process. When these data are used as an input to the design, it may contribute to the living of the spaces in the coming years, that is, to have spatial sustainability. 

As a result, it is known that while artificial intelligence studies are carried out quickly, the system is constantly developing and producing new products. With the up-to-date information about these newly developed products and the future approach, it is necessary to aware of the artificial intelligence systems and products as a situation that needs to be solved during the design process. This situation is rapidly gaining importance to achieve the most efficient result by both artificial intelligence developers and practitioners, interior architects, and users. Developed systems change the world. For this reason, as space designers, we need to ensure that spaces allow this change. It is now necessary for the designers to fulfill the logic of “laissez faire, laissez passer” (let it be, let it pass), which was claimed by Vincent De Gournay (1712-1759) for the first time in 1700, and became the slogan of liberal thought over time. Artificial intelligence systems will provide many conveniences in the interior, as in all areas of life, if interior design allows. I call on designers for artificial intelligence: “laissez faire, laissez passer”!

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