Psychiatric Illness and Social Media

Is there any psychiatric illness of yours based on your posts on social media? I saw a post about it last week on Linkedin and also there was a link to check research out about it. This is such interesting research because as all we know no matter what kinds of technological developments occur, our brain and psychology are affected somehow. Especially, seeing how social media can help to find our illness is pretty cool.

I would like to provide really short explanations: Data was collected across 223 participants and their Facebook posts were used. Of course, those posts include images and texts in order to understand their emotions, reactions, and moods. Their main method was machine learning algorithms and they have found someone who has mental illness a year before the first hospitalization. If you want to get detailed information, you can check the resources part out at the end of this article.

What Does Affect our Mental Health?

It is a well-known fact is that all we live in a society and living there shapes our lives. Society occurs many different kinds of people and all of us exposed to each of their behaviors somehow. For example, we have different cultures, education systems, languages, etc. worldwide, and those differences can create challenges for our psychology. I am not sure if “challenge” is the correct word but what I believe is that our psychology is influenced by what we have seen during the formative years of adolescence.

Furthermore, our family environment is really important for all of us whether it is a nuclear or extended family. Since our first education starts, it evolves with the family. Generally, we copy our parent’s behaviors and implement that system into our lives. Let’s say if your family is likely to trend to violence, it is an undeniable fact is that somehow you will be affected by that environment.

What about Technology…

On the other hand, with the new era, we cannot deny that there are technological developments. Moreover, we already involved in social media such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc. We all spend too much time with these tools and sometimes it is just for fun but sometimes for fighting or explaining ourselves to people that we never met.

How Does Social Media Help to Identify Illness?

According to statistics, the rate of social media usage is really high and it is more common among young people. Also, the rate of mental illness among young people is the highest one when compared to other ages.

So, how social media can help is that young people are both the highest utilizers of social media and among those at the highest risk for the development of mental illness. Based on their post on social media, it is not difficult to come up with the result.

Let’s think deeply about it. For example, when I feel nervous, mostly I watch some TED talk videos to be able to feel more relax and see other people who have the same problems as me. Why? Because in that way I feel I am not alone. In my case, instead of typing some aggressive things on Facebook, I prefer to watch videos. However, some people, especially young people might prefer to post messages on Facebook and based on the language that they used can bring into the open their behaviors at that moment.

As we know, the Facebook algorithm gathers information about us using our location, political views, religion, etc and identifies many things about us even we think we are good at hiding them. Even though we cannot share our feeling with another person, these social media helps us somehow to do not feel lonely. At the same time, it can help to find out our psychological issues if we have.

If you would like to check another article, please have a look at it:

https://globalaihub.com/time-to-break-up-with-technology-is-it-possible/

 

Resources

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41537-020-00125-0?utm_medium=affiliate&utm_source=commission_junction&utm_campaign=3_nsn6445_deeplink_PID100095187&utm_content=deeplink

 

Time to Break up with Technology – Is it possible?

Perhaps, it is time to break up with technology – I would be really happy if there is any chance. 🙂 What I have noticed is that screen time is increasing in my life day by day. Unfortunately, it is not only because of work, but it is also due to pandemic all we are stuck at home. Like: watching movies on Netflix, some videos on Youtube, playing video games, checking social media, and if it is weekdays, working on the computer.

There has to be a life more than this. Actually, there was before the pandemic, for example, at least we all working at the office and knew when to finish our duties. However, even though right now we finish our daily duties, again we need to stick with the technology to be able to find something to be enjoyed – such a sad!

According to Jean Twenge, a psychology professor at San Diego State University, “there’s lots of great things to do online, but moderation is often the best rule for life, and it’s no different when it comes to screens.”

If you want you can have a look at this article:

https://globalaihub.com/during-covid-technological-innovations/

What problems can technology cause?

I think all we know what kinds of problems can occur but I would like to touch some of them again with the examples of my daily life.

Although I know the causes and results, I cannot stop myself to check my phone before sleeping. Also, I am watching some series on Netflix, and if those series are most excited or emotional, it affects my quality of sleep. When I woke up in the morning, I feel tired and need more sleep even I sleep more than 7 hours. As a result of it, sometimes it might create a focus problem on some productive tasks that I need to work on.

What is the solution?

Well, it is difficult to give a list of how to protect ourselves but there are many pieces of research about it. Based on those researches;

  1. We need to define what kinds of screen time makes us unhappy and affect. As I mentioned about myself, in my case it could be watching the emotional series. On the other hand, for you, that could be reading some articles, having time on Facebook or other social media platforms such as Twitter, Instagram, etc.
  2. The most important part is a no-phone zone because according to Dr. Twenge, people who keep phones in their bedrooms sleep more poorly. I have been hearing this since my childhood but my question is to myself is that do I apply it in my life? Unfortunately, my answer is no. Especially, the blue light from screens can affect our eyes and also trick our brains into thinking about what we read. In order to create no-phone zones, we need to agree with ourselves about when and where. For example, dinner and lunchtime no phone, while sleeping, no phone in the room, while having time with a family no phone, and etc.
  3. If the phone is with us, we need to turn off all notifications except a few of the necessary ones. In my case, all WhatsApp groups and almost all apps notifications are off, and my phone is in silent mode without vibrations. At least it helps me to stay away from my phone a bit.
  4. The other thing is physical activities such as exercise, sports. Also, cleaning a room can help 🙂 Why it is important because physical activities definitely increase our level of dopamine which helps to pleasure from what we do.

Some Statistics

I would like to give you some statistics:

Social Media Usage Statistics

  • According to a study in 2017, there are about 210 million people addicted to the internet and social media worldwide.
  • American smartphone users, on average, launch social media apps 17 times a day. On the other hand, countries like Thailand, Argentina, Malaysia, and Mexico, open social media apps more than 40 times daily.
  • Young, single women are the most addicted to social media among all market segments.
  • 52% of US adults get their news on social media.

Statistics of Effects of Social Media Addiction Facts

  • People who use Facebook more than once per hour are more likely to experience conflicts with their partners.
  • 21% of the same age group feel restless when they’re unable to check messages on social media.
  • Between 11%-43% of social media users in the US feel bad when their posts receive only a few likes.

Resources

https://comparecamp.com/technology-addiction-statistics/#:~:text=According%20to%20a%20study%20in,the%20average%20American%20internet%20user.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/25/technology/personaltech/digital-detox.html

 

 

 

 

Relationship between Video Games and Brain

Do you think there is a relationship between video games and the brain?

I know many people who play video games and some of them are really addicted to it. For those people does not matter when and where, they can play it almost every time. For example, one of my cousins, who is a year older than me, has been playing video games since his childhood, and what I can say is that he improved his English thanks to the games. 🙂

I have many memories with him that he was trying to convince me to play the games but I think I am not into it a lot. Oh, but I played arcades for a long time when I was a kid and one of my favorite platform games was “Super Mario”.

For sure, video games and platforms have developed over the years because also technological developments get involved in it. In fact, many countries are willing to develop new and powerful video games because this is a huge market. Let’s look at some countries by game revenues:

  1. China and revenues (USD): $40,854M
  2. The United States and revenues (USD): $36,921M
  3. Japon and revenues (USD): $18,683M
  4. South Korea and revenues (USD): $6,564M
  5. Germany and revenues (USD): $5,965M

Source: https://newzoo.com/insights/rankings/top-10-countries-by-game-revenues/

Well, there is a question that arises is how do video games have an impact on humans?

Our brains and video games

As far as we have heard and seen on the media channels and read some newspapers and articles, video games have an effect on our health and behavior. I cannot say whether they have a totally positive or negative impact on us but what I can say is that it is really famous activity among us in today’s world.

According to research, our brain performance and structure can be changed by video games. For example, video games can have a positive impact to increase memories. How so? I think there is a complex situation for me to understand deeply but the thing is memory depends on how information is complex and more. The 3-D games have all of them so, it helps somehow to boost memory.

Secondly, video games affect our attention because there are different types of attention requires such as selective attention. In order to accomplish the duty, there are many steps to pass successfully, and being successful is depending on how your memory strong and your attention is good enough to catch the details, and etc.

On the other hand, I have mostly thought video games have a negative impact on our behaviors because as far as I see, some games have a violent context. Furthermore, if you are exposed to violence almost every day or most of your time, you may become angrier, sensitive, and prone to violence. Also, because of your addiction to the games, it is likely to be apart from your social life. Actually, all of them depend on what kinds of games you prefer, that is why it is not true to be generalized all possibilities.

I would like to add one more thing is video games can increase the efficiency of brain regions related to visual skills. I have never thought about it but it makes sense because while playing games, there are many visuals and those visuals are important to remember the details in order to accomplish the duty. Therefore, gamers should pay attention to those visuals.

Summary

There are two aspects of video games but every day, those aspects are changing because also, new developments are involving in our lives. So, what do all these brain changes mean? “We focused on how the brain reacts to video game exposure, but these effects do not always translate to real-life changes,” says Palaus.

Resources

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170622103824.htm

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318345#Video-games-boost-memory

 

 

Veganism and Artificial Intelligence

Veganism and artificial intelligence are good topics to discuss because they look mysterious to me. We know how artificial intelligence is everywhere but what about the relationship between veganism, do we know about it?
I was a vegetarian for a few years and, to be honest, it was one of my good diets. Actually, Turkey is often associated with cuisines made up out of meat but also we have many non-meat dishes. Okay, if I turn back to our topic is I wonder about how artificial intelligence can affect veganism whether in a good or bad way. However, first, let’s have a look at what does vegan means.

What is veganism?


The term “vegan” was chosen by combining the first and last letters of “vegetarian.” It is an undeniable fact is that being vegan is really popular whether its purpose is for health or for caring about animals. Of course, behind being vegan, there are different kinds of reasons such as ethics, health, and environment.
This is not for a few months, this is a lifestyle and vegan people prefer to not consume all animal and animal products such as dairy, eggs, cheeses, meats, fishes, etc. However, this situation should not consign you that they have to eat just vegetables and fruits – because it is totally wrong! For example:

  • Beans
  • Lentils
  • Tofu
  • Hummus
  • Seeds
  • Plant milk
  • Whole grains

Those are just a few examples of foods that they can consume.
Before finishing a short explanation of veganism, I would like to add some bullet points of types of veganism:

  • Whole-food vegans
  • Raw-food vegans
  • Dietary vegans

What does Artificial Intelligence have an impact on veganism?

There is a huge investment in plant-based industry and I think in the future many big companies/businesses will be involved in it more than before. Well, this investment is not only for food, but it is also for clothes, shoes. Sometimes, I get advertisements or see comments related to “vegan clothes”, “vegan creams”, etc. on my social media accounts – I think it is because I am interested in these areas.

If you would like to learn more about advertisement, you can have a read this article:
https://globalaihub.com/ai-for-advertisements/

According to my research, what I have seen is that artificial intelligence can positively impact. As all we know, we are having difficult moments due to the pandemic and it will not be the last and we will not live on this planet forever also because of climate change. There is a question from my side is that does the plan-based product really mean healthy? I mean if we talk about the health factor of being vegan, the products are supposed to be healthy – if they are not, so where is the purpose of this health factor? I think there are many points that shape things whether we realize them or not.

Some Examples:

While some questions arise, if the companies are going to produce plant-based products first they need to start to search the planet for eligible plants. After that for sure, the analysis step will be required. As you assume, we talk about the whole planet so it means they need “scientists” and some “specific processes” to deal with a huge dataset. How AI can help is that it has the capacity to process complex algorithms to predict. Moreover, AI can find combine different recipes easily and predict which ones will be loved by humans based on human behaviors because also those behaviors are data that AI used.
The other part is we need to be careful about what we eat because of our body system. We need to have a balance between protein, carbohydrate, and etc., and what has been thought us is animal products have necessary molecules for our bones for example. So, the companies should find something to replace animal products and for it, AI helps to produce cheaper and tastier options for consumers.

Resources

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/what-is-a-vegan#types
https://theveganreview.com/artificial-intelligence-is-boosting-the-plant-based-industry/

During Covid: Technological Innovations

What are the most important technological innovations that we have learned during covid? We are currently having Covid second wave and it seems like it will be tougher than the first one. New lockdown rules were decided to apply by many countries. On the other hand, there are good signs related to vaccines that possible to develop in the near future.
Have you read?
https://globalaihub.com/how-can-big-data-change-the-healthcare-industry/
The advent of technology transformed our lives from artificial intelligence to nanotechnology even before Covid. However, while going through these global challenges, we all understood is how technological innovations are the key to us.
According to Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2020, I would like to provide some insights into healthcare.

1. Virtual Patients


I really like this virtual patient idea because it can create opportunities like faster and safer clinical trials. For this idea, high-quality images of organs are needed, and to be able to understand these organs’ functions, mathematical and statistical models are another necessary part. Why do I like this technology? Because, as I mentioned before, Covid is a huge challenge for humanity. However, especially doctors are suffering a lot more than other job groups because they have to contact patients somehow – it is a huge risk! Instead of physically contacting virtual organs or body systems could be helpful in the initial assessments of treatments. It means safer, too.

2. Digital Medicine


 
What is this digital medicine and improvements? This medicine contains sensors and these sensors send data to apps to detect issues. First of all, this is a good opportunity for people who have limited access to health services. Again my example will be related to Covid because people who are from a rural area have a lack of health services, unfortunately. As all we know, early diagnosis is really significant and with this medicine, the app could be helpful to track the therapies.
 

3. Microneedles

The big advantage of microneedles is painless injections for sure – At least for me. Since my childhood, I scared of needles and I cannot see any blood or even blood drop. Unfortunately, it irritates me and I have a memory of it. It was my first experience of donating blood and I went to the hospital in the morning without having breakfast. After donating my blood, as soon got up, I fainted and what I only remembered thing when I opened my eyes is nurses.
If I turn back to the topic, these microneedles penetrate the skin without pain and even mixed into creams. It means we can use them easily without having any trouble. On the other hand, these microneedles could allow do our blood tests at home and analyze them, after analyzing we can send the results to the hospital. This is another good part because we do not need to wait in long lines for the blood testing and probably this process will not be expensive. Thus, care will be more accessible from urban areas to rural areas.

Summary

Imagine a world where we have developed many things to help humanity, eradicated diseases, and issues. Such amazing!

Resources

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/11/2020-top-10-emerging-technologies?utm_source=linkedin&utm_medium=social_scheduler&utm_term=Pioneers2020&utm_content=15/11/2020+08:00
https://www.weforum.org/reports/top-10-emerging-technologies-2020
 

Gig Economy: Uber, Netflix, Amazon, Airbnb

Is the Gig Economy really important? How Amazon, Netflix, Uber, and Airbnb have become so successful? What is the main purpose of Uber and Netflix? Many of us want to be rich, successful, and respected persons and some of us want to build Billion Dollar Business Models to become a more powerful person. Have you thought about it if it is not as difficult as we might think?

  • Amazon: Changed the way people shop, taking over a huge part of the retail industry.
  • Airbnb: Changed the way people in hotel stays.
  • Netflix: Reinvented the video and movie rental industry.
  • Uber: Changed the way people form transportation. E.g. ride-sharing

Let’s back to our question – How? It is an undeniable fact is that they spend their time on IT infrastructure, but for sure technology alone could not have accounted for their success. It is possible to be heard a term called “user experience” by many of us and this term has become really important because those unicorns focused on their users’ expectations, needs, desires… etc. I think it is the basic explanation of the user experience.
Let’s look at more detailed explanations of the two of them:

Uber

What is the main purpose of Uber as a Gig Economy?


There are many Gig Economy examples such as Amazon, Netflix, Uber, Airbnb. However, in this paragraph, I am going to explain Uber.
Based on Wikipedia’s description of Uber is an American company that offers vehicles for hire, food delivery (Uber Eats), package delivery, couriers, freight transportation, and, through a partnership with Lime, electric bicycle and motorized scooter rental. What I remember is Uber can be the early adopter of the Gig Economy, and what is obvious thing is that the way people form of transportation was changed by its service. I would like to give you statistics about Uber trips by year and according to Forbes, Uber provided 6.9 Billion rides in 2019 – Such an amazing!
Looking at things from a different perspective is really matters because as all we know taxies are concern with regulations. For example, if I want to go somewhere, I have to call a cab or search for it and if I am lucky I can find one; or if I am on a street and need a cab, first the taxi drivers have to be satisfied with my “long trip” because of price. Let’s say my trip is not “long”, they even do not let me get a ride. On the other hand, Uber provides a passenger-friendly riding experience, it is easy to order a cab with a simple app and there are really flexible pricing options whether the trip is long or short because it has a user-centric experience.

Netflix

What is the main purpose of Netflix as a Gig Economy?


There are many Gig Economy examples such as Amazon, Netflix, Uber, Airbnb. However, in this paragraph, I am going to explain Netflix.
The main purpose of Netflix is to focus on its users and what they wanted. According to the latest numbers, Revenue earned by Netflix in Q1 of 2020 is $5.77 billion. The behind story is similar to Uber because as I mentioned they focused on what customers want, desires, and what are their frustrations and etc. What do customers want? They want to be able to watch different kinds of movies without high prices and limitations. So if I give you a basic answer to what Netflix is doing is a subscription-based rental system. Moreover, Netflix has a different pricing structure around the world. Here’s what you get with each plan:

  • Basic: The Basic streaming plan costs $8.99 per month and has the most limited features. You can only use it on a single screen at a time (which is fine if you’re the only user of the account), and resolution is limited to standard definition (SD), which is equivalent to old, pre-HD television.
  • Standard: The Standard streaming plan costs $13.99 per month and allows you two watch on two screens at a time in high definition (HD).
  • Premium: The Premium streaming plan costs $17.99 per month. For that, you can watch on four screens at once (ideal for a large family), and you can video programming in HD or 4K Ultra HD, if available.

There is a link that similar to this topic if you would like to read how the advertisement systems work https://globalaihub.com/ai-for-advertisements/

Summary

All these businesses having their services with the help of big data and data analysis. They identify their customers’ expectations and doing analysis but of course to be able to make data meaningful they need huge datasets. In addition, they need to expand their businesses more, and more and it means attracting new customers is the other step. Therefore, they need to improve their business models and revenues with different solutions, and all solutions are related to each other.

Resources

https://uxdesign.cc/how-amazon-airbnb-netflix-and-uber-have-become-so-successful-b3f97be58638
https://www.zymr.com/this-is-how-innovators-like-airbnb-netflix-and-uber-have-turbocharged-their-business-growth/
https://hackernoon.com/uber-to-netflix-business-models-that-make-them-billion-dollar-revenue-generators-7t2b3ynr
https://www.businessofapps.com/data/uber-statistics/#1
https://www.businessinsider.com/how-much-is-netflix
 
 

Artificial Intelligence In The Healthcare Industry

Artificial intelligence in healthcare is the use of complex algorithms or, in other words, artificial intelligence (AI) to mimic human science in the analysis, interpretation and understanding of complex medical and health data. Although I am a computer engineer, the applications I have implemented before often also touch health care.