I neglect my talents
Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is a word used for defining human intelligence.British anthropologist, statistician, and psychologist Sir Francis Galton developed the first test of intelligence in the late 1800s. Although his test was not a success, he helped the new generations via the concepts he created. At the beginning of the 20th century, Alfred Binet produced a new intelligence test. Shortly after, German psychologist William Stern came up with the idea of “intelligence quotient” concerning the Binet’s test. Afterward, in the 1930s, American psychologist Davis Wechsler expanded the idea of the measurements using written documents.[gdlr_core_space height=”30px”]
Today, some standardized age-based tests (commonly Wechsler Intelligence Scale) quantify the IQ score. The scores gained from these tests measure 3 essential abilities: Mathematical, logical, and linguistic. Logical ability means being able to understand the patterns and concepts. Mathematical ability is understanding numbers and their relations. Lastly, linguistic ability means understanding patterns of words.
Identical to IQ, Machine Intelligence Quotient (MIQ) is a ratio used for determining the intelligence of a machine. Additionally, the term “machine intelligence” is the machine’s autonomy and conduct for unforeseen cases (Hee-Jun Park et al., 2001). However, before developing a measurement for machine intelligence, it has to be known what this terminology is about. Although it is still a debated topic, the overall characteristics an intelligent machine should have are listed below:
- Machine intelligence includes analyzing, organizing, and transforming the known into knowledge. Knowledge, according to the machine, is structured information collected and applied to decrease the uncertainty of a specific task given to the intelligent machine.
- A human-made intelligent system may copy the human mental capability and biotic functions of the living-beings to act appropriately.
- The discipline which contains control algorithms developed by imitating specific features of intelligent biosystems.
- Intelligent control systems are control systems extremely autonomic in terms of decision making, planning, rationalism, self-learning, and self-reconfigurability.
- An intelligent machine is a machine that performs anthropomorphic* tasks with minimum communication with a human controller.
To sum of all, it can be implied that machine intelligence is the ability to perform human-like functions. On condition that a machine is becoming more intelligent, it means the control performance for unforeseen events is improving. Like it is said above: “machine intelligence” is the machine’s autonomy and conduct for unforeseen cases.
*anthropomorphic: having human features