ROBOTS IN INTERIOR DESIGN
Another dimension of the relationship between artificial intelligence and interior design can be seen as artificial intelligence-based products used in the production process. One of these products is 3D printers. Although these printers are not a new product today, they remain up-to-date due to the development over time. When looking at the historical process of 3D printers, “Even though the beginning of the three-dimensional printer was in the late 1970s, it was the first time that a solid matter was printed in 1982 by Hideo KODAMA. The first three-dimensional printer was produced in 1984 by Charles HULL, the founder of 3D Systems Corp. with the technology in those years, three-dimensional printers were mainly used in prototype production due to their large size and high cost” (Sönmez, S., Kesen, U., ve Dalgıç, C. (2018). s. 472). The printers developed in the historical process have been strengthened with artificial intelligence over time. These printers are used in many different areas today. These fields are listed as “Used in many different fields such as Medicine, Space and Aviation, Molding, Automotive, Dentistry, Military Equipment, Architecture, Personal Tools, Sculpture, Jewelry and Education.” (Sönmez, S., Kesen, U., ve Dalgıç, C. (2018). s. 472). Empowering the printers used with 3D print guns and artificial intelligence algorithms, Ai Build company built machines that can see errors, correct them, and even learn. This situation is seen as an important point in terms of the production process of the designed spaces.
Image: 3D printing produced by Ai Build
As can be seen in the image, the product produced by the artificial intelligence printer finds spatial response. Along with these spaces produced with a 3D printer, production lines that come after the industrial revolution may lead to an important role in the production of space. Naturally, this situation proposes a new production system by replacing the manpower-based system in production. Production places change with the introduction of machines instead of human labor during the production process. Along with the command given to the printer, it can be seen as a situation that forces the boundary of the forms that form the space and that will be created. With the new 3D printer possibilities developed, it may be possible to create spatial shells, products, separators, reinforcements and furniture with complex weaves, patterns, or relationships. In this process, it is possible to save both time and money, thanks to printers powered by artificial intelligence. The 4-room house built with a 3D printer in France was completed in 54 hours. It is stated that when all costs are calculated in the construction of the house, it is 233 thousand dollars. With this building method, which provides financial savings, the spaces are built in a short time. From this point of view of interior architecture, interior designers can also create spaces of the future by forcing the boundaries of the design, with the production of spaces faster and lower cost, although they have a more complex structure.
Image: Production process
In the light of this information, it also covers the designs of the products in the space. It means using artificial intelligence-based printers in the production of furniture, lighting products, wall coverings and textile products such as curtains and carpets.
Image: Cohda’s furniture
Image: Patrick Jouin’s lighting element
The designs of these products are transmitted to the 3D printer with the help of computer-aided design programs as in the production process of the space. In this process, the 3D printer grasps the transferred file and starts printing. As a result of this process, fast and low-cost prototypes are produced. Thanks to the rapid prototypes produced, it is possible to develop the final product and to start production. In this context, as in the production process of the space, both time and financial savings are provided. As a result of this process, fast and low-cost prototypes are produced. Thanks to the rapid prototypes produced, it is possible to develop the final product and to start production. In this context, as in the production process of space, both time and financial savings are provided. As a result, design products and spatial relationships in interior design can be made with the help of 3D printers developed with artificial intelligence. In this context, it can be seen that interior designers benefit from these technological developments in the process of making the spaces of the future.
It is necessary to draw attention to another issue by looking at these developments. It should not be overlooked that with artificial printers 3D printers, production methods will change and production spaces will change. As Henri Lefebvre shows, every production style produces its own spaces (Lefebvre, H. 2016). Considering the differences both in terms of the spaces developing with production and the new products/spaces formed with the production techniques, the developments experienced can play a role in the transformation of the spaces. It is important to create spaces where the spaces or products are produced with 3D printers with artificial intelligence and to determine the function and requirement diagrams of these interior spaces. In this context, interior design can work in harmony with the production of new technology, together with the specified function and requirement schemes. As a result, following the development of rapidly developing artificial intelligence technology, the design and implementation processes of interior spaces play an important role in following up the needs and expectations of the users on the basis of current spatial and product.
Lefebvre. H. (2016). Mekanın Üretimi. Sel Yayıncılık, İstanbul.
Sönmez, S., Kesen, U., ve Dalgıç, C. (2018). 3 Boyutlu Yazıcılar. 6. Uluslararası Matbaa Teknolojileri sempozyumu. s. 471-481.